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History of Macrame

'Macramé is a textile made by knotting (but instead of weaving or knitting) processes rather than other methods. The square knot (also recognized as the reef knot) and various forms of "hitching," combinations of half hitches, are the principal knots used in macramé. It has been used to cover anything from knives tips to bottles to ship pieces for hundreds of years by sailors, particularly in intricate or ornate knotting forms. Cavandoli macramé is a type of cavandoli used to create geometric and free-form designs, such as those found in weaving. A double half-hitch knot is used extensively in the Cavandoli style, single knot. When working the left and right parts of a balanced piece, it is occasionally necessary to employ reverse half hitches to keep the piece balanced. Belts made of leather or fabric are another accessory frequently made using macramé techniques. This method makes most friendship bracelets traded among kids and teenagers.

Additionally, vendors at amusement parks, malls, seasonal fairs, and other public venues may offer macramé jewelry or decorations. Macramé is a famous DIY fiber art that includes tying knots using cotton string to create beautiful designs. It is possible to build hundreds of distinct products using macramé techniques, each with a different level of complexity in the knots. Decorative wall lynchings, plant hanging, and chairs/swings are just a few of the most common home decor products available Macramé are thought to have begun with Arab weavers working in the 13th century. They used leftover thread and thread along the borders of hand-loomed fabrics to create decorative frills on bath towels, scarves, and veils, which they sold to tourists. According to some sources, the Spanish term macramé derives from the Arabic word migramah (), which is thought to have meant "striped towel," "ornamental fringe," or "embroidered veil." Following the Moorish invasion, the art was transported to Spain than to Italy, particularly in the province of Liguria, and eventually expanded throughout Europe. When Mary II reigned over England 17th century, it was officially brought into the country. The macramé technique was taught to her ladies-in-waiting by Queen Mary.

The technique of macramé was disseminated to locations such as Asia and the New Frontier by sailors who crafted macramé things during their spare time while at sea and sold or bargained them when they returned to port. Macramé was used to make hammocks, bells fringes, and belts by British and American seamen in the nineteenth century. They named the procedure "square knotting" after the most frequently employed knot during the operation. Macramé is also referred to as "McNamara's Lace" by sailors.

The Victorian era was the heyday of macramé's popularity. An early favorite, Sylvia's Book of Handmade Lace (1882) demonstrated how to "stitch rich trimming for black and colored garments, both for home wear and garden parties, seashore adventures, and balls—fairylike ornamentation for household and underlined..." This craft was used to decorate most Victorian dwellings. Tablecloths, bedspreads, and curtains were all made of macramé, also used to manufacture other household products.

After a brief period of popularity, macramé re-emerged in the 1970s as a technique for creating wall hangings, clothing pieces, bedspreads, little jean shorts, tablecloths, curtains, plant hangers, and other home furnishings. The use of macramé as a decorative technique began to fade by the 1980s as a decorating trend. Macramé, on the other hand, has regained popularity. However, this time, it comes in the shape of jewelry, such as necklaces, anklets, and bracelets. This jewelry, mostly fashioned of square knots, frequently incorporates handmade glass beads and natural components such as gemstones, bone, and shells. Cords composed of cotton thread, linen, hemp, jute, leather, or yarn are some of the materials that are utilized in macramé. Jewelry is frequently constructed with knots and other beads (glass, stone, or wood), pendants, shells, and other embellishments. Necklaces with focal points, such as rings or jewels, are sometimes utilized. These focal points are either wire-wrapped to allow for secure attachment or caught in an earnings array of interweaving overhand knots.

The sculptures of the Babylonians and the Assyrians have one of the oldest recorded examples of macramé-style knots being used as decorative elements. Wing plaiting and braiding graced the clothes of the ancient period, and this was reflected in their stone statues as well. Arab weavers knotted surplus thread along the margins of palm fabrics such as bathrobes, shawls, and veils to create ornamental fringes that adorned the garments. "Striped towel," "ornamental fringe," and "embroidered veil" are all supposed to be the meanings of the Arabic term macrame (), which translates as "striped towel," "ornamental fringe," and "embroidered veil." Another school of thought derives from the Turkish makrama, which means "napkin" or "towel."   The ornate fringes kept flies off camels and horses in northern Africa.

The craft was brought to Spain by the Moorish conquest, Italy, particularly Liguria, before spreading throughout Europe. In England, it was first used at the palace of Mary II in the late 17th century, and it became popular after that. It was taught to her ladies-in-waiting by Queen Mary. The Victorian era was the heyday of macramé's popularity. It was used to decorate most households with tablecloths, bedspreads, and curtains. It was published in 1882 and taught how to "stitch rich trimming for black and colored outfits, both for house wear, garden parties, beach adventures," and balls and "fairylike adornments for house and underlined..." It was a specialty of Genoa's in the 19th century, and it was very popular. "Its origins can be traced back to a 16th-century style of knotting linen called as punto a group," according to the article. 

The art of macramé was transmitted to locations such as China and the New World by sailors who crafted macramé artifacts while they weren't busy at sea and sold or bargained them when they returned to shore. Macramé was used to make hammocks, bell tassels, and belts by British and American mariners in the nineteenth century. They named the procedure " square knotting " in honor of the tie they used the most frequently, and they named the procedure "square knotting." Macramé is also referred to as "McNamara's lace" by sailors.


Popularity waned in the 1950s and 1960s, but it returned in the 1970s, when it was used to create wall art, clothing accessories, miniature jean shorts, bedspreads and tablecloths, draperies, and plant hangers, as well as other home furnishings. In the United States, macramé jewelry became trendy. This jewelry is formed primarily of square knots & granny knots, and it frequently includes handcrafted glass beads & natural components such as bone & shell. Anklets, Necklaces, & bracelets made of macramé have become fashionable jewelry pieces. By the 1980s, macramé had again fallen out of favor, only to be resurrected by the millennial generation. Macramé is becoming increasingly popular among the DIY/crafting community because it is relatively simple to learn. Many different methods exist for learning to make it, and the expenses of producing it are rather modest compared to other types of crafts. According to the statistics, people who appreciate the boho-chic décor and the seventies vintage styles are more inclined to use macramé in their houses.

Nonetheless, it is not exclusive to bohemians and disco babes. Macramé decor may be a wonderful complement to various design styles, including minimalist, pre, and even farmhouse! That's a tough question since the record-keeping posterior wasn't concerned with fiber art! However, it is likely to trace the history of macrame through time. The best guess about the origin of macrame places us in Arabia in the 13th century. There are also traces of initial macramé knot-tying in representations of Assyrian and Babylonian history, signifying the origins of macramé could day back even more than we think. However, the popularity of macramé as a textile art is most likely attributable to those 13th-century artisans and one other group of individuals that might surprise you. While they certainly did not get to advertise, mariners in primitive times required ways to keep from going crazy with monotony at sea. Since they were previously skilled knot-tiers by trade and likely had lots of junk rope lying around, macrame developed their pastime! Over the years, sailors devised newer and more complex knots, and after their work entered the markets at different ports around the world, the trend took hold. That's a hard/tough question since track record keeping in the past wasn't bothered/concerned with fiber art! Nevertheless, it is conceivable to trace the record of macrame through time.